Open Journal Systems

Pola Demografi Berbasis Informasi Paten: Sebuah Kajian Gender dari Paten Terdaftar LIPI

Andi Budiansyah, Maidina Maidina

Abstract


Abstract. Intellectual Property (IP), especially patent, has an important role in the protection of technology transfer and dissemination of knowledge for the public. Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), since 2001 until 2015, has registered more than 360 patents. This study aims to study and analyze LIPI’s inventors track record based on gender gaps using quantitative approach from 2005-2014 patent registration data with a total of 287 registered patents. The results of the study reveals that the ratio between male and female inventors was 2:1. This result shows that the chance for women's innovation contribution at LIPI has the ratio that is almost the same as men. Most inventors, both men and women, were dominated by productive age of 30-34 years, with the majority having Bachelor as their educational background. Moreover, the contribution of female inventors was 33% from the total patents, with the details of the research group involving women was 56%. Nevertheless, most inventions were dominated by the Deputy of Engineering Science, which was 66%, was also dominated by men. 

Keywords: Intellectual property, gender, registered patent, knowledge dissemination, management, demographic factor, productivity,

 

 

Abstrak. Kekayaan Intelektual (KI) khususnya paten, memiliki peran penting dalam perlindungan alih teknologi dan diseminasi pengetahuan untuk masyarakat. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) sejak tahun 2001 sampai 2015 telah mendaftarkan lebih dari 360 paten. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan menganalisa rekam jejak inventor LIPI berdasarkan gap gender dengan pendekatan kuantitatif pada data pendaftaran paten 2005 – 2014 dengan jumlah 287 paten terdaftar. Hasil kajian mengungkapkan pada rentang tahun 2005-2014, perbandingan antara inventor laki-laki dan perempuan adalah sebesar 2:1. Hasil ini menunjukkan kesempatan kontribusi inovasi perempuan di LIPI memiliki rasio yang hampir sama dengan laki-laki. Inventor terbanyak baik laki-laki maupun perempuan didominasi pada umur produktif 30–34 tahun dengan mayoritas berlatar belakang pendidikan S-1. Adapun kontribusi inventor perempuan adalah sebesar 33% dari keseluruhan total paten dengan rincian kelompok penelitian yang melibatkan perempuan sebesar 56%. Adapun invensi terbanyak didominasi oleh kedeputian IPT yaitu sebanyak 66% yang juga didominasi oleh laki-laki.

Kata kunci: Kekayaan intelektual, gender, paten terdaftar, diseminasi pengetahuan


Keywords


Intellectual Property, Gender, Registered Patent, Knowledge Dissemination

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abramo, G., D`Angelo, C. A., & Murgia G. (2013). Gender differences in research collaboration. Journal of Informetrics, 811-822. DOI: 10.1016/j.joi.2013.07.002

Asheim B.T., & Coenen, L. (2005). Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: comparing Nordic clusters. Reseach Policy 34, 1173–1190. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2005.03.013

Badan Pusat Statistik. Persentase Penduduk menurut Provinsi dan Jenis Kelamin, Tahun 2009 – 2018. https://www.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2018/03/20/1288/persentase-penduduk-menurut-provinsi-dan-jenis-kelamin-2009-2013.html

Cavalheiro, G.M.C., Joia, L.A. & Goncalves, A. C. (2014). Strategic patenting in the upstream oil and gas industry: Assessing the impact of the pre-salt discovery on patent applications in Brazil. World Patent Information, 39, 58-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.wpi.2014.04.003

Ceci, S.J, Ginther, D.K., Kahn, S., Williams, W.M. (2014). Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape. Psychological Science, 88. DOI: 10.1177/1529100614541236

Collins, R. (1971). Functional and conflict theories of educational stratification. American Sociological Review, 1002–1019. DOI: 10.2307/2093761

Corredoira, R.A & Preeta M.B (2015). Measuring patent's influence on technological evolution : A study of knowledge spanning and subsequent inventive. Research Policy 44, 13. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2014.10.003

Ding, W. W., Murray, F., & Stuart, T. E. (2006). Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences. Science, 313(5787), 666. DOI: 10.1126/science.1124832

Enochsson, A. (2005). A gender perspective on Internet use – Consequences for information seeking on the net. Information Research, 10(4) paper 237 [Available at http://InformationR.net/ir/10-4/paper237.html]

Grint., K. & Gill., R. (1995). The Technology Relation: Contemporary Theory and Research. Taylor and Francis Ltd, London (1995)

Hermawati, W. (2008.) Indikator sensitif Gender. Arti Penting dan Berbagai Contohnya dalam Program Pembangunan Iptek. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Pusat Penelitian Perkembangan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi, 6, 19-36

Hunt, J., Garant, J-P., Herman, H., & Munroe, D.J. (2013). Why are women underrepresented amongst patentees?, Research Policy, Elsevier, 42(4), 831-843. 10.1016/j.respol.2012.11.004

Jones, B.F (2010). Age and Gread Invention. The Review of Economics XCII, 2.

Jones, B.F. (2009). The burden of knowledge and the “Death of the Renaissance Man: is innovation getting harder?”. Review of Economic Studies. 76, 26. DOI: 10.3386/w11360

Jung, T., & Ejermo, O. (2014). Demographic Patterns and Trends In Patenting: Gender, Age and Education of Inventors. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 86, 1. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.023

Larivière V, Ni C, Gingras Y, Cronin B, Sugimoto CR. (2013). Bibiliometrics: Global gender Dispartisies in Science. Nature 11 December 2013: 2. https://www.nature.com/news/bibliometrics-global-gender-disparities-in-science-1.14321

Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. (2014). Peran LIPI dalam Pembangunan Nasional 2010-2014. LIPI Press. Jakarta: 1-105

Melo-Mart?´n, I. (2017). Patenting and the Gender Gap: Should Women BeEncouraged to Patent More?. Sci Eng Ethics (2013) 19:491–504. DOI 10.1007/s11948-011-9344-5

Naldi, F., Luzi, D., Valente, A., & Parenti, I.V. (2004). Scientific and Technological Performance By Gender. Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic, 2004. 309

Nasution, D. (2008). Senjangan Gender Terhadap Motivasi dan Self-Efficacy pada Keberterimaan Teknologi Informasi. Universitas Airlangga. 1-19

Renggana, R.S., (2008). Kesetaraan Gender dan Pemberdayaan Perempuan dalam Masyarakat Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (Gender &TIK). Konferensi dan Temu Nasional Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi untuk Indonesia. Jakarta: e-Indonesia Initiative 2008.

Rjanti, R.A., (2013, Maret 7). Tiga Perempuan Jagoan Teknologi. Kompas Tekno. (diakses 1 Februari 2015). https://tekno.kompas.com/read/2013/03/07/15273963/tiga.perempuan.jagoan.teknologi

Unesco Institude for Statistic. (2012) Women in Science. Canada: United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

UNESCO. (2010). Women's and Girls' Access to and Participation in Science and Technology. Gender, Science and Technology September-October 2010: 2.

WIPO. What is Intellectual Property? .WIPO Publication. Switzerland

WIPO. Module 7: Patents. Hand book WIPO: 16

Zambad, S. & Londhe, B.R (2014). To Study the Problems Faced by Innover from Conception Idea to Filling Patent in Indian Pharmaceutical. Procedia Economics and Finance, 11, 829-837. DOI: 10.1016/S2212-5671(14)00247-0




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12695/jmt.2019.18.3.3

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.