Open Journal Systems

Rancang Bangun Sistem Peningkatan Kinerja Rantai Pasok Industri Minyak Atsiri

. Efendi, Anas Miftah fauzi, Machfud Machfud, Sukardi Sukardi


Abstract. Competitiveness of Indonesian essential oil industry is still low as efficiency is low. One of production system that has an aim to do efficiency, that are lowering cost, reducing lead time (faster delivery), higher quality is lean production system. The most suitable lean production tool for reducing lead time, also can be applied in all industries is value stream mapping (VSM). VSM has ben applied much in discrete industry, application in essential oil industry, that is process industry, need to be modified. The purposes of this reasearch is to design supply chain performance improvement system in the essential oil industry, using Rother and Shook's value stream mapping model that will be modified according to essential oil industry characteristic. The reserach shows that VSM can be used to design supply chain performance improvement system of essential oil industry. Supply chain performance of essential oil industry can be improved by setting up an essential oil cooperative.

Keywords : cooperative, efficiency, lead time, lean production system, value stream mapping.

Abstrak. Daya saing industri minyak atsiri Indonesia masih rendah karena efisiensi yang rendah. Salah satu sistem produksi yang mempunyai tujuan untuk melakukan efisiensi, yaitu menurunkan biaya produksi, mengurangi waktu tempuh produksi, serta kualitas yang lebih tinggi adalah sistem produksi ramping. Perangkat produksi ramping yang paling sesuai untuk mengurangi waktu tempuh produksi, juga bisa diterapkan untuk semua jenis industri adalah pemetaan penyebaran nilai. Pemetaan penyebaran nilai telah diterapkan secara luas di industri diskrit, namun penerapan di industri minyak atsiri, yang merupakan industri proses, perlu dilakukan penyesuaian. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang bangun sistem peningkatan kinerja rantai pasok di industri minyak atsiri, menggunakan model pemetaan penyebaran nilai dari Rother dan Shook yang disesuaikan dengan karakteristik dari industri minyak atsiri. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemetaan penyebaran nilai dapat digunakan untuk merancang bangun sistem peningkatan kinerja rantai pasok industri minyak atsiri. Kinerja rantai pasok industri minyak atsiri bisa ditingkatkan dengan membentuk Koperasi di industri minyak atsiri terkait.

Kata kunci : efisiensi, koperasi, pemetaan penyebaran nilai, sistem produksi ramping, waktu tempuh.

Full Text:



Abdulmalek, F.A., Rajgopal, J., & Needy, K.L. (2006). A Classification Scheme for the Process Industry to Guide the Implementation of Lean. Engineering Management Journal, 18 (2), 15.

Alves, A.C., Carvalho, J.D., & Sousa, R.M. (2012). Lean production as promoter of thinkers to achieve companies' agility. The learning Organization, 19 (3), 213-237. doi: 10.1108/09696471211219930

Angelis, J., Conti, R., Cooper, C., & Gill, C. (2011). Building a high-commitment lean culture. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 22 (5), 569-586. doi: 10.1108/17410381111134446

Ben-Tovim, D.I., Bassham, J.E., Bolch, D., Martin, M.A., Dougherty, M., & Szwarcbord, M. (2007). Lean Thingking Across a Hospital : Redesigning Care at the Flinders Medical Centre. Australian Health Review, 31 (1), 10.

Bhasin, S. (2012). An appropriate Strategy for Lean Success. Management Decision, 50 (3), 439-458. doi: 10.1108/00251741211216223

Brosnahan, J.P. (2008). Unleash the Power of Lean Accounting. Journal of Accounting, 206 (1), 60.

Chauhan, G., & Singh, T.P. (2012). Measuring Parameters of Lean Manufacturing Realization. Measuring Bussines Excellence, 16 (3), 57-71. doi: 10.1108/13683041211257411

Chen, L., & Meng, B. (2010). The Application of Value Stream Mapping Based Lean Production System. International Journal of Business and Management, 5 (6).

Coronado, M., Adrian, E.L., & Andrew, C. (2007). Evaluating Operations Flexibility in Industrial Supply Chains to Support Build-to-Order Initiatives. Business Process Management Journal, 13 (4). doi: 10.1108/14637150710763586

[Deperind] Departemen Perindustrian. (2009). Peraturan Menteri Perindustrian Republik Indonesia Nomor 136/M-lND/PER/IO/2009 tentang Peta Panduan (Road Map) Pengembangan Klaster Industri Minyak Atsiri. Jakarta : Deperind.

Donatelli, A.J., & Harris, G.A. (2001). Combining Value Stream Mapping and Siscrete Event Simulation. Proceedings of the Huntsville Simulation Conference. By the Society for Modeling and Simulation International, San Diego, CA.

Forrester, P.L., Shimizu, U.K., Soriano-Meier, H., Garza-Reyes, J.A., & Basso, L.F.C. (2010). Lean Production, Market Share and Value Creation in The Agricultural Machinery Sector in Brazil. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 21 (7), 853-871. doi: 10.1108/17410381011077955

Fullerton, R.R., & Wempe, W.F. (2009). Lean Manufacturing, Non Financial Performance Measures, and Financial Performance. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 29 (3), 214-240. doi : 10.1108/01443570910938970

Guiterrez, R.S., Barajas, H., Galaviz, M.E., & Martinez, L.C. (2003). An Application of Value Stream Mapping in International Logistics System. IIE Annual Conference. Proceedings : 1-4.

Hines, P., & Rich, N. (1997). The Seven Value Stream Mapping Tools. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 17 (1), 46-64. doi: 10.1108/01443579710157989.

Hines, P., Rich, N., & Hittmeyer, M. (1998). Competing Against Ignorance : Advantage through Knowledge. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 28 (1), 18-43. doi: 10.1108/09600039810205944

Hutchins, C.B. (2006). Five “S†Improvement System : An Assessment of Employee Attitudes and Productivity Improvements. [Dissertation]. USA : Capella University. UMI Number: 3240025.

Keogh, M.K. (2006). Reducing Value Stream Lead Time : A Two Phase Analysis of The Factors Contribute to The Success of Manufacturing Streamlining Initiatives. [Dissertation]. USA : Capella University. UMI Number 3226810

Lander, E. (2007). Implementing Toyota-Style Systems in High Variability Environments. [Dissertation]. USA : University of Michigan. UMI Microform 3257511.

Lasa, I.S., Laburu, C.O., & Vila, R.C. (2008). An Evaluation of The Value Stream Mapping Tool. Business Process Management Journal, 14 (1), 39-52. Doi: 10.1108/14637150810849391

Lewis, M.A. (2000). Lean Production and Sustainable Competitive Advantage. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 20 (8), 959 – 978.

Lynch, L.L. (2005). The Relationship of Lean Manufacturing 5S Principles to Quality, Productivity, and Cycle Time. [Dissertation]. USA : Walden University. UMI Number 3169046.

McManus, H.L., & Millard, R.L. (2002). Value Stream Analysis and Mapping for Product Development. The International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Miina, A., Saat, M., & Kolbre, E. (2013). Critical Success Factors of Lean Thinking Implementation in Estonian Manufacturing Companies. Baltic Journal of Economics, 13 (1), 109-120.

Olsen, E.O. (2004). Lean Manufacturing Management : The Relationship between Practice and Firm Level Financial Performance. [Dissertaion]. USA : The Ohio State University. UMI Number 3148201.

Rahman, S., Laosirihongthong, T., & Sohal, A.S. (2010). Impact of Lean Strategy on Operational Performance : A Study of Thail Manufacturing Companies. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 21 (7), 839-852.

Rathi, N., & Farris, J.A. (2010). Evaluating the Applicability of Lean Manufacturing in Process Industries. Di dalam : Johnson, A. and Miller, J., editor. Proceedings of the 2010. Industrial Engineering Research Conference.

Rizal, M., & Djazuli, M. (2006). Strategi Pengembangan Minyak Atsiri Indonesia. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 28 (5).

Rother, M., & Shook, J. (2003). Learning Too See : Value Stream Mapping to Add Value and Eliminate Muda. Version 1.3. Brookline : The Lean Enterprise Institute.

Seth, D., Seth, N., & Goel, D. (2008). Application of Value Stream Mapping (VSM) for Minimization of Wastes in The Processing Side of Supply Chain of Cottonseed Oil Industry in Indian Context. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 19 (4). doi: 10.1108/17410380810869950

Shah, R. (2002). A Configurational View of Lean Manufacturing and Its Theoretical Implications. [Dissertation]. USA : The Ohio State University. UMI Number 3059319.

Shen, S.X., & Han, C.F. (2006). China Electrical Manufacturing Services Industry Value Stream Mapping Collaboration. International Journal Flex Manuf Syst. 18:285-303. doi: 10.1007/s10696-007-9016-6

Simons, D., & Keivan, Z. (2005). Application of Lean Paradigm in Red Meat Processing. Bristish Food Journal, 107 (4/5), 192-211.

Singh, B., Garg, S.K., & Sharma, S.K. (2010). Lean Implementation and Its Benefits to Production Industry. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 1 (2), 157-168. doi: 10.1108/20401461011049520

Singh, B., & Sharma, S.K. (2009). Value Stream Mapping as a Versatile Tool for Lean Implementation : An Indian Case Study of A Manufacturing Firm. Measuring Business Excellence, 13 (3), 58-68. doi: 10.1108/13683040910984338

Singh, H., & Singh, A. (2013). Apllication of Lean Manufacturing Using Value Stream Mapping in An Auto-parts Manufacturing Unit. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 10 (1), 72-84. doi: 10.1108/09727981311327776

Solding, P., & Gullander, P. (2009). Concepts for Simulation Based Value Stream Mapping. Proceedings of the 2009 Winter Simulation Conference.

Sun, S. (2011). The Strategic Role of Lean Production in SOE's Development. International Journal of Bussines and Management, 6 (2).

Upadhye, N., Deshmukh, S.G., & Garg, S. (2010). Lean Manufacturing for Sustainable Development. Global Bussines & Management Research : An International Journal, 2 (1), 125-137.

Vinodh, S., Arvind, K.R., & Somanaathan, M. (2011). Tools and Techniques for Enabling Sustainability Through Lean Initiatives. Clean Techn Environ Policy, 13 , 469-479. doi: 10.1007/s10098-010-0329-x

Watson, J.L. Jr. (2006). Integrating Lean Manufacturing with Technology : Analyzing the Effects on Organizational Performance in Terms of Quality, Cost and Response Time. [Dissertation]. USA : Capella University. UMI Number: 3226218

Wee, H.M., & Wu, S. (2009). Lean Supply Chain and its Effect on Product Cost and Quality : A Case Study on Ford Motor Company. Supply Chain Management : An international Journal, 14 (5), 335-341. doi: 10.1108/13598540910980242

Wisner JD, Tan KC, & Leong GK. 2009. Principles of Supply Chain Management, a Balanced Approach. South-Western Cengage Learning.

Woll, C.A. (2003). Identifying Value in Instructional Production System: Mapping the Value Stream. [Dissertation]. USA : Utah State University. UMI Number: 3095309

Yamamoto, Y., & Bellgran, M. (2010). Fundamental Mindset that Drives Improvements Towards Lean Production. Assembly Automation, 30 (2), 124-130. doi: 10.1108/01445151011029754.

Yuhono, J.T., & Suhirman, S. (2006). Status Pengusahaan Minyak Atsiri Dan Faktor Faktor Teknologi Pasca Panen Yang Menyebabkan Rendahnya Rendemen Minyak. Bul. Littro, 17 (2), 79-90.



  • There are currently no refbacks.