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Study on Public Transport System in Jakarta And Public Preference Related to Operational Issues Case of Soekarno-Hatta Airport Train

Danny Joputra, Aries Firman


In 1985, the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK) was commercially operated, replacing old Kemayoran Airport as the principal airport of Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The operation was marked by the opening of Terminal I of CGK with capacity of 9 (nine) millions passenger per year. The Airport is continuously developed during the time with the latest completion of Terminal 3 Ultimate in 2017 which made its capacity to become 43 (forty three) millions passenger per year. In the same year the total passenger traffic in CGK has reached more than 63 (sixty three) millions passengers. However, the development of the Airport is not supported with the sufficient development of infrastructure to access the airport. With the increasing total passengers and limited access, traffic conjunction has been part-of-the daily commuting to and from CGK. To support the development of CGK, the central government of Indonesia initiate a plan of CGK train as an alternative access to the airport. The project was commercially operated since 2018. However, after almost a year of its operation, it has not made a significant contribution to reduce the traffic conjunction. The train was initially designed with daily capacity of 33,728 passengers. However due to infrastructure limitation, currently the train operates with daily capacity of 19,040. Far from the expectation, the average occupancy of the train was in the verge of 30% from its current total capacity. As the CEO of PT Railink, the operator of CGK train, Heru Kuswanto is faced with a big challenge to analyse the situation and prepare the turnround.

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