Research Cooperation Between Industry and Research and Development Institutions-Universities in Indonesia with Policy Implications


  • Erry Ricardo Nurzal Directorate of Research, Technology and Innovation Policy Formulation - BRIN
  • Asep Husni Y. Rosadi Center for Economic Research in Service and Trade Industry – BRIN



industry, multi-stakeholder, policy, research collaboration, R&D institutions, universities,


Abstract. Cooperation between R & D institutions/universities and industry has been carried out a lot. Most of these partnerships have not produced a significant economic impact, as part of fostering national innovation. What is the cause of the unsuccessful cooperation? There are various studies on these failures, including those caused by: unclear reasons for cooperating, improper forms of cooperation, and not yet growing trust between them. This paper discusses research collaboration by paying attention to these three aspects. In addition, it is accompanied by policy implications to improve it. The research used qualitative descriptive analysis with data based on the results of a survey conducted by the Ministry of Research and Technology. The results of the analysis show that: (a) the reason there are still few industries that collaborate with R & D institutions and universities, is because the quality of technology produced by these institutions has not been proven; (a) the form of multi-stakeholder cooperation, involving other than industry and R&D institutions and universities, as well as other parties such as the government, is a form of good cooperation; (c) the industry trusts the performance of imported technology more than the domestic technology. The recommended policies include: (a) improving the quality of human resources, facilities, and infrastructure, as well as publishing research results from R & D institutions and universities in the media or forums, where industry is heavily involved; (b) the government acts as a regulator and facilitator in cooperation between industry and R&D institutions through various policy instruments; (c) technologies produced by R&D institutions and universities whose performance has been technically proven (TRL 6), need serious support.

Keywords: Innovation, research cooperation, industry, R&D institutions, universities, trust, multi-stakeholders, policy


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Erry Ricardo Nurzal, Directorate of Research, Technology and Innovation Policy Formulation - BRIN

Direktorat Perumusan Kebijakan Riset, Teknologi dan Inovasi, BRIN


ACDP [Analytical and Capacity Development Partnership], (2013). Developing Strategies for University, Industry and Government Partnership in Indonesia. Jakarta: Agency for Research and Development, Ministry of Education and Culture
Adams, J.D, B.P. Chiang and K. Stankey (2001). Industry University Cooperation Research Centers, Journal of Technology Transfer, 26, 73-86
Andersen, B. and W. Hutton (2013). Raising the Potential of the Triple Helix: Co-Innovation to Drive the World Forward. Lancester: Big Innovation Center – Lancester University
Balconi, M and A. Laboranti (2006). University-Industry Interactions in Applied Research: The Case Of Microelectronics, Research Policy, 35, 1616-1630
Boardman, P. C. and E. A. Corley (2008). University Research Centers and The Composition of Research Collaborations, Research Policy, 37, 900-913
Bozeman, B. and M. Gaughan (2007). Impacts of Grants and Contracts on Academic Researchers’ Interactions with Industry, Policy Research, 36, 694-707
Bredikhin, V., N.E. Ovchinnikova, O.P. Ovchinnikova, and Tatiana Kolmykova, (2019), Problems and prospects of university-industry interaction, Journal of Applied Engineering Science, 17(2): 224-232
Brooks, H. (1994). The Relationship Between Science and Technology, Research Policy, 23, 477–486
Corayol, N. (2003). Objectives, Agreements And Matching in Science-Industry Collaborations: Reassembling The Pieces of The Puzzle, Research Policy, 32, 887-908
Dan, M.C, (2013), Why Should University and Business Cooperate? A Discussion of Advantages and Disadvantages, International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories, 3(1): 67-74
Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi (2012). Panduan Pelaksanaan Penelitian di Perguruan Tinggi. Jakarta: Direktorat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi, Kementerian Pendidikan Nasional.
Dooley, L. and D. Kirk (2007). University-Industry Collaboration: Grafting The Entrepreneurial Paradigm Onto Academic Structures, European Journal of Innovation Management, 10 (3), 316-332
Edmondson, G., L. Valigra, and M. Kenward, (2012), Making Industy-University Partnership Work: Lessons from Successful Collaborations. Science Business Innovation Board AISBL. []
Etzkowitz, H. (2003). Research Groups as ‘Quasi-Firms’: The Invention of The Entrepreneurial University, Research Policy, 32, 109-121
Etzkowitz, H. (2002). The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Implications for Policy and Evaluation, Working Paper 2002-11. Stockholm: Institutet for Studier av Utbildning Och Forskning.
Gherghina, S.C, M.A. Botezatu, A. Hosszu and L.N. Simionescu, (2020), Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs): The Engine of Economic Growth through Investments and Innovation, Sustainability, 12 (1),347; doi: 10.3390/su12010347
Halls, B.H., A.N. Link and J.T. Scott. (2001). Barriers Inhibiting Industry from Partnership with Universities: Evidence From The Advanced Technology Program, Journal of Technology Transfer, 26, 87-98
Hamel, G. and C.K. Prahalad. 1994. Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business School.
Hottenrott, H. dan S. Thorwarth (2011), Industry Funding of University Research and Scientific Productivity, KYKLOS, 64 (4), 534–555,
Jonbekova, D. J. Sparks, M. Hartley and G. Kuchumova, (2020), Development of University–Industry Partnerships in Kazakhstan: Innovation Under Constraint, International Journal of Educational Development, 79, 1-10
Kemenristekdikti (2019), Peraturan Menteri Riset, Teknologi Dan Pendidikan Tinggi Republic Indonesia, Nomor 38 Tahun 2019 Tentang Prioritas Riset Nasional 2020-2024
Kementerian Perindustrian (2015). Rencana Induk Pengembangan Industri Nasional 2015-2035. Jakarta: Pusat Komunikasi Publik Kementerian Perindustrian
Kementerian Perindustrian (2020), Rencana Strategis Kementerian Perindustrian Tahun 2020-2024. Jakarta: Kementerian Perindustrian
KRT [Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi] (2001). Program Riset Unggulan Kemitraan antara Lembaga Litbangyasa dan Industri untuk Tahun 2002, []
KRT [Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi] (2011). Laporan Akhir Survey Industri Manufaktur 2010. Jakarta: Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi
KRT [Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi] (2014). Pedoman Insentif Riset Sistem Inovasi Nasional. Jakarta: Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi
KRT/ BRIN (2020), Panduan Program Flagship Prioritas Riset Nasional 2020. Jakarta: Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi
Koschatzky, K. (2014). New Forms of Regional Interaction Between University and Industry Evidence from Germany. Working Paper Firms and Region No. R3/2014. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI.
Kuhlmann, S., and E. Arnold (2001). RCN in the Norwegian Research and Innovation System. Background Report No. 12 in the Evaluation of the Research Council of Norway. Brighton: Technopolis
Lambert, V.A. and C.E. Lambert, (2012), Editorial: Qualitative Descriptive Research: An Acceptable Design, Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 16(4): 255-256
Lee, J. and H.N Win (2004). Technology Transfer Between University Research Centers and Industry in Singapore, Technovation, 24, 433-442
Lee, Y.S., (2000). The Sustainability of University-Industry Research Collaboration: An Empirical Assessment, Journal of Technology Transfer, 25, 111-133
Leydesdorff, L. and M. Meyer (2003). The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations, Scientometrics, 58 (2), 191-203
Li, J., X. Sun. X. Dai, J. Zhang dan B. Liu (2022). Knowledge map analysis of industry-university research cooperation policy research based on CNKI and WOS visualization in China, Sustainability, 14, 7862: 1-26
Majava, J., V. Isoherranen, and P. Kess, (2013). Business Collaboration Concepst and Implications for Companies, International Journal of Synergy and Research, 2 (1), 23-40
Marinho, A., R.G. Silva and G. Santos, (2020), Why Most University-Industry Partnerships Fail to Endure and How to Create Value and Gain Competitive Advantage through Collaboration – A Systematic Review. Quality Innovation Prosperity / Kvalita Inovácia Prosperita, 24(2): 34-48
Mark, M., R.L. Jensen, and M.T. Norn, (2014), Estimating the economic effects of university-industry collaboration. Int. J. Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 13 (1/2): 80-106
Moeliodihardjo, B. Y, and B. W. Soemardi, S.S. Brodjonegoro dan S. Hatakenaka, (2012), University, Industry, and Government Partnership: Its Present and Future Challenges in Indonesia, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 52, 307-316
Morisson, A. and M. Pattinson, (2020), University-Industry Collaboration: A Policy Brief from the Policy Learning Platform on Research and innovation. Lille: Interreg Europe Policy Learning Platform.
Motohashi, K. and S. Muramatsu, (2011). Examining the University Industry Collaboration Policy in Japan: Paten Analysis, RIETRI Discusiion Paper Series 11-E-08. Tokyo: The research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry. []
Nassaji, H., (2015), Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis, Language Teaching Research, 19(2) 129–132
OECD [The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development] (2014). OECD Economic Survey: Korea. []
Pertuze, J.A., E.S. Calder, E.M. Greitzer and W.A. Lucas, (2010). Best Practices for Industry-University Collaboration, MITSloan Management Review, 51(4), 82-90
Piacentini, A. (2013). The University–Industry Partnership: A New Format to Promote Innovation. Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Government of South Australia
Pusat Penelitian Bioteknologi LIPI (2020), Proposal Riset Prioritas Riset Nasional: Pengembangan Produk Biosimilar Insulin, Jakarta: Kementerian Riset dan Teknologi
Rast, S., N. Khabiri and A.A. Senin (2012). Evaluation Framework for Assessing University-Industry Collaborative Research and Technology Initiative, Procesia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 40, 410-416
Rosadi, A H Y. (2014), Technology Adoption in Manufacturing Industry and Its Policy Implication, Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management, 12 (1), 33-44
Santoro, M.D. and A.K. Chakrabarti (2002). Firm Size and Technology Centrality in Industry-University Interactions, Research Policy, 31, 1163-1180
Schaefer, T.K. and K.J. Schaefer, (2022), Barriers to university-industry collaboration in an emerging market: Firm‑level evidence from Turkey, The Journal of Technology Transfer, 47:872–905,
World Bank (2019), Innovative China: New Drivers of Growth. Washington DC: World Bank Group and DRC








How to Cite

Nurzal, E. R., & Rosadi, A. H. Y. (2023). Research Cooperation Between Industry and Research and Development Institutions-Universities in Indonesia with Policy Implications. The Asian Journal of Technology Management (AJTM), 15(3), 210–223.