Open Journal Systems

Strategy to Improving Smallholder Coffee Farmers Productivity

Kartika Sarirahayu, Atik Aprianingsih


Abstract: Coffee is a leading export commodity that provides great foreign exchange for Indonesia. The increase in domestic coffee consumption and the high export demand apparently cannot be fulfilled by Indonesian coffee producers. Many factors are cause underdevelopment of Indonesia's coffee industry. This paper aims to explore strategies to improve smallholder coffee farmer’s productivity. To understand the phenomenon, author identify the problems encountered in coffee farming. Furthermore, a more in-depth literature review of these issues was conducted to present the most appropriate strategies. Based on the findings, author propose several notions that have positive impact to improving smallholder coffee farmers productivity in Indonesia, there are fair trade certification, technology adoption and intensive farmer training, closely involve women, and focus on active farmers.

Keywords: Coffee, technology adoption, empowerment, farmers, Indonesia


Coffee, Technology Adoption, Farmers, Indonesia.

Full Text:



Adesina, A. A., & Baidu-Forson, J. (1995). Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural Economics, 13,1-9.

Alamsyah, I. E. (2015). Pengembangan komoditas kopi masih terkendala produktivitas rendah

Asfaw, E., Bezabh, A., Anteneh, M., & Kumela, T. (2016). Adoption study of coffee production technologies in South West Ethiopia. Food Science and Quality Management, 50.

Assamha, F. H., & Boer, R. (2017). Dampak perubahan iklim terhadap produktivitas tanaman kopi di Kabupaten Tana Toraja. Scientific Repository IPB

Anteneh, M., Bezabih, A., & Asfaw, E. (2015). Adoption and Impact of Coffee Production Technologies in the Case of Western Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture ND Healthcare, 5(23).

Bizimana, C., Nieuwoudt., & Ferrer, A. RD. (2002). Factors Influencing Adoption of Recommended Farm Practices by Coffee Farmers in Butare, South Rwanda. Agricultural Ekonomics, 41(3), 237-248.

BPS. (2016). Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2016. Catalog: 1101001.

Bosselmann, A., Dons, K., Oberthur, T., Olsen, C. S., Rabild, A., & Usma, H. (2009). The influence of shade trees on coffee quality in small holder coffee agroforestry systems in Southern Colombia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 129, 253–260.

Duflo, E., & Suri, T. (2010). Diffusion of technologies within social networks, evidence from a coffee training program in Rwanda. International Growth Centre Ref No. F-4001-RWA-1.

Fetriza, Z. (2016). Is Fairtrade the Answer to Gender Inequality in Java?

Foreign Trade Policy Center for Studies and Development Agency for Trade Policy Ministry of Commerce. (2014). Analysis of Indonesian Coffee and Rubber Commodities: Performance Evaluation Production, Exports and benefits of participation in International Commodity Associations.

GAEKI web. (2017). Areal and Production Coffee Indonesia.

Galiè, A., Jiggins, J., & Struik, P.C. (2013). Women’s identity as farmers: A case study from ten households in Syria. NJAS – Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 64-65, 25-33.

Gonzalez-Perez, Maria-Alejandra, & Gutierez-Viana Santiago. (2012). Cooperation in Coffee markets: the case of Vietnam and Colombia. Journal of Agribusiness In Developing and Emerging Economies, 2(1), 57-73.

Haarer, A. E. (1963). Coffee Growing. London (GB): Oxford University Press.

Haggar, J., & Schepp, K. (2012). Coffee and climate change: impacts and options for adaption in Brazil, Guatemala, Tanzania and Vietnam. NRI Working Paper Series: Climate Change, Agriculture and Natural Resources No. 4.

Kalyebara, R. (1999). A comparison of factors affecting adoption of improved coffee management recommendations between small and larger farmers in Uganda. CIAT International Workshop: "Assessing the Impact of Agricultural Research on Poverty Alleviation, San Jose, Costa Rica; 14-16 September 1999.

Kebedom, A. (2012). Adoption and Intensity of use of coffee technology package in Yergaccheffe district, Gedeo Zone, SNNP regional state, Ethiopia. Haramaya University.

Kodigehalli, B.V. (2011). Value chain analysis for coffee in Katarnataka, India. [Unublished Thesis]. Humbold University of Berlin.

Manurung, P., Ginting, M., & Fauzia, L. (2016). Strategi peningkatan produksi kopi arabika (Coffea arabica) (Studi Kasus: Desa Lumban Silintong, Kecamatan Pagaran Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara). Jurnal USU, 5(1).

Masuki, K. F. G, Kamugisha, R, Mowo, J. G, Tanui, J, Tukahirwa, J. Mogoi, J., & Adera, E. O. (2010). Role of mobile phones in improving communication and information delivery for agricultural development: Lessons from South Western Uganda. International Federation for Information Processing. Workshop at Makerere University, Uganda.

Masdakati, Y. (2016). Due to climate change in Sumatra: cherry coffee not meaty. Otten Coffee Magazine.

Mitchell, J., Keane, J., & Coles, C. (2009). Trading Up: How a Value Chain Approach Can Bennefit the Rural Poor. COPLA Global: Overseas Development Institute.

Mittal, S., & Tripathi, G. (2009). Role of mobile phone technology in improving small farm productivity. Agricultural Economic Research Review, 22, 451-459.

Mussatto, S.I., Machado, E. M. S., Martins, S., &Teixeira, J. A. (2011). Production, composition, and application of coffee & its industrial residues. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 4(5), 661–72.

Olwande, J., Sikei, G., & Mathenge, M. (2009). Agricultural technology adoption: a panel analysis of smallholder farmers’ fertilizer use in Kenya. Agriculture for Development, Center of Evaluation for Global Action, UC Berkeley.

Ospina, A. M. (2017). What are the main challenges faced by coffee producers?

Perfect Daily Grind. (2016). Coffee production is growing less profitable: what can we do?. (2017). Pengembangan kopi harus berbasis kawasan

Pratiwi, R. (2013). AICE: No Real Support from Government. SWA magazine.

Pratiwi, Y., & Ita, S. (2015). The role of farmer cooperatives in the development of coffee value chain in east nusa tenggara indonesia. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Humbold University of Berlin.

PTPN XII. (2013). Pedoman pengelolaan budidaya tanaman kopi arabika. Surabaya (ID): PTPN XII.

Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian. (2015). Outlook kopi komoditas pertanian subsektor perkebunan. Kementrian Pertanian. Jakarta.

Rachman, V. (2015). Indonesia berpotensi jadi eksportir kopi terbesar dunia.

Rodolfo, R.A., Calsiyao, I.S., DUclayan, R.M., & Himson, J. A. (2016). Coffee farmers socio-economic status, problems encountered and potential intervention for the enhancement of the coffee industry in Balbalan, Kalinga, Philippines. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 4(1), 577-583.

Ruben, R (2011). How standards compete: comparative impact of coffee certification schemes in Northern Nicaragua. Supply Chain Management An International Journal, 16(2), 98-109.

Schüβler, L. (2009). Protecting ‘single-origin coffee’ within the global coffee market: the role of geographical indications and trademarks. The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, 10 (1), 149-185.

Serikat Petani Indonesia. (2017). Nasib petani kopi berbanding terbalik dengan para penikmat kopi.

Suryanto. (2016). AEKI perkirakan produksi kopi turun 2016.

Tanya Newton. (2016). Is faitrade the answer to gender inequality in java?. perfect daily grind.

Tettey, C. (2013). The Use of the mobile phone in a farmer’s business. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 3(9).

The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH). (2014). Indonesia a business case for sustainable coffee production: an industry study by technoserve for the sustainable coffee program. powered by IDH.

Valkila, J., & Nygren, A. (2010). Impact of fair trade certification on coffee farmers, cooperatives, and laborers in Nicaragua. Agric Hum Values 27, 321-333.

Wahyudi, T., & Jati, M. (2012). Challenges of sustainable coffee certification in Indonesia. Seminar on Economic, Social and Environmental Impact of Sertification on the Coffee Supply Chain, International Coffee Counsil 109th Session, London, United Kingdom.

Weber, J. G. (2012). Social learning and technology adoption: The case of coffee pruning in Peru. Agricultural Economics, 43(supplement), 73-84.

Yusrin, H. M., Boer, R., & Heryansyah, A. (2017). Evaluasi dampak perubahan iklim terhadap produktivitas kopi dan kakao (studi kasus: Kabupaten Tana Toraja. Scientific Repository IPB.



  • There are currently no refbacks.